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Children and multivitamins

Let’s get it clear, multivitamin supplement do not provide additional benefits for kids who eat good food regularly. In fact high doses of mineral or vitamins can cause damage to the body.

We should be careful while handling multivitamins pills because most of them made now are sweet and are often dangerously consumed as candies.

It is no longer a fancy idea giving multivitamins to children who do not have additional needs for them.

Circumstances when children may need their diet fortified with multivitamins include:

  •  Failure to thrive
  •  Certain chronic diseases  
  •  Food allergies
  •  Restrictive diet, such as a strict vegan diet
  •  Picky eaters

If multivitamins are advised, chose categories recommended for your child’s age.

Fresh foods rich in fruits, vegetables and fibres should be at the core of your child’s dietary plan. Also remember that vitamins and minerals found in foods are more potent than those present in pills. For example, why give vit C pills or gummies when your child loves oranges or watermelon.

If your children need multivitamins, we recommend the following:

Vitamin A

This vitamin is needed for normal growth and development;

It enhances tissue and bone repair

It is also necessary for  healthy skin, vision and immune responses.

Good sources include milk, cheese, eggs, and yellow-to-orange vegetables like carrots, yams, and squash.

Vitamin B (B2, B3, B6 and B12)

They aid needed for metabolism and energy production.

They also aid healthy circulatory and nervous systems.

Good sources = meat, chicken, fish, nuts, eggs, milk, beans and soybeans.

Vitamin C

They promote  healthy muscles, connective tissue, and skin.

Good sources = oranges, strawberries, kiwi, tomatoes, and green vegetables like broccoli.

Vitamin D

 Vitamin D is the most important vitamin for tooth and bone development

It also helps the body absorb calcium.

Good sources = milk and other fortified dairy products, egg yolks, and fish oil.

The best source of vitamin D doesn’t come from the diet — it’s sunlight.


Calcium is needed for strong bones.

Good sources =milk, cheese, yogurt, tofu, and calcium-fortified orange juice.


Needed for building muscle and healthy red blood cells. Iron deficiency is a risk in adolescence. Good sources include beef and other red meats, turkey, pork, spinach, beans, and prunes.




War and armed conflicts are among the most important threats to health.  The three most important attributes of a good health system disrupted by conflict – healthcare availability, accessibility and affordability.

According to WHO, “The first principle of health is life. War is a direct threat to life.” (From a 2000 World Health Organization working paper). Presently deaths and deformities caused by wars and armed conflicts are more than those caused by diabetes or heart disease.

The impact of war on health is not just the mortalities and morbidities caused by direct assault on civilians and soldiers, but also, perhaps more important, by displacements and destruction of hospital services and healthcare staff.

Contamination and pollution of soil, water and air, inadequate sanitation, poor medical supplies and malnutrition which are common during wars all negatively impact here.

An estimated 191 million people died as a result of conflict during the 20th century, more than half of whom were civilians. Public health challenges faced in war extend beyond efforts to protect civilians’ security. They include preventing illness and death from inadequate or contaminated food or water, poor sanitation, lack of shelter, and disrupted or destroyed healthcare systems and other infrastructure necessary to sustain health… BM J (2019)

The most vulnerable groups  are women and children. Health indices (maternal, neonatal, infant and under five mortalities) soars during and post conflicts periods.

Understanding Vaccines

Vaccine Types

There are several different types of vaccines. Each type is designed to teach your immune system how to fight off certain kinds of germs — and the serious diseases they cause.

When scientists create vaccines, they consider:

  • How your immune system responds to the germ
  • Who needs to be vaccinated against the germ
  • The best technology or approach to create the vaccine

Based on a number of these factors, scientists decide which type of vaccine they will make. There are 4 main types of vaccines:

  • Live-attenuated vaccines
  • Inactivated vaccines
  • Subunit, recombinant, polysaccharide, and conjugate vaccines
  • Toxoid vaccines

Live-attenuated vaccines

Live vaccines use a weakened (or attenuated) form of the germ that causes a disease.

Because these vaccines are so similar to the natural infection that they help prevent, they create a strong and long-lasting immune response. Just 1 or 2 doses of most live vaccines can give you a lifetime of protection against a germ and the disease it causes.

But live vaccines also have some limitations. For example:

  • Because they contain a small amount of the weakened live virus, some people should talk to their health care provider before receiving them, such as people with weakened immune systems, long-term health problems, or people who’ve had an organ transplant.
  • They need to be kept cool, so they don’t travel well. That means they can’t be used in countries with limited access to refrigerators.

Live vaccines are used to protect against:

Inactivated vaccines

Inactivated vaccines use the killed version of the germ that causes a disease.

Inactivated vaccines usually don’t provide immunity (protection) that’s as strong as live vaccines. So you may need several doses over time (booster shots) in order to get ongoing immunity against diseases.

Inactivated vaccines are used to protect against:

Subunit, recombinant, polysaccharide, and conjugate vaccines

Subunit, recombinant, polysaccharide, and conjugate vaccines use specific pieces of the germ — like its protein, sugar, or capsid (a casing around the germ).

Because these vaccines use only specific pieces of the germ, they give a very strong immune response that’s targeted to key parts of the germ. They can also be used on almost everyone who needs them, including people with weakened immune systems and long-term health problems.

One limitation of these vaccines is that you may need booster shots to get ongoing protection against diseases.

These vaccines are used to protect against:

Toxoid vaccines

Toxoid vaccines use a toxin (harmful product) made by the germ that causes a disease. They create immunity to the parts of the germ that cause a disease instead of the germ itself. That means the immune response is targeted to the toxin instead of the whole germ.

Like some other types of vaccines, you may need booster shots to get ongoing protection against diseases.

Toxoid vaccines are used to protect against: